মাইক্রোসফট কোম্পানী

Microsoft Corporation (/ˈmaɪkrəsɒft/, /-kroʊ-/) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and related services. Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers. Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers. Microsoft ranked No. 21 in the 2020 Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue;[3] it was the world's largest software maker by revenue as of 2016.[4] It is considered one of the Big Five companies in the U.S. information technology industry, along with Google, Apple, Amazon, and Facebook.


Microsoft (the word being a portmanteau of "microcomputer software"[5]) was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800. It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows. The company's 1986 initial public offering (IPO), and subsequent rise in its share price, created three billionaires and an estimated 12,000 millionaires among Microsoft employees. Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016,[6] followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011.[7]


As of 2015, Microsoft is market-dominant in the IBM PC compatible operating system market and the office software suite market, although it has lost the majority of the overall operating system market to Android.[8] The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops, laptops, tabs, gadgets, and servers, including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure), and software development (Visual Studio).


Steve Ballmer replaced Gates as CEO in 2000, and later envisioned a "devices and services" strategy.[9] This unfolded with Microsoft acquiring Danger Inc. in 2008,[10] entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of tablet computers, and later forming Microsoft Mobile through the acquisition of Nokia's devices and services division. Since Satya Nadella took over as CEO in 2014, the company has scaled back on hardware and has instead focused on cloud computing, a move that helped the company's shares reach its highest value since December 1999.[11][12]


Earlier dethroned by Apple in 2010, in 2018 Microsoft reclaimed its position as the most valuable publicly traded company in the world.[13] In April 2019, Microsoft reached the trillion-dollar market cap, becoming the third U.S. public company to be valued at over $1 trillion after Apple and Amazon respectively.[14] As of 2020, Microsoft has the third-highest global brand valuation

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Type Public

Traded as

NASDAQ: MSFT

NASDAQ-100 component

DJIA component

S&P 100 component

S&P 500 component

ISIN US5949181045

Industry

Software development

Computer hardware

Consumer electronics

Social networking service

Cloud computing

Video games

Internet

Corporate venture capital

Predecessor Traf-O-Data

Founded April 4, 1975; 45 years ago in Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.

Founders

Bill Gates

Paul Allen

Headquarters One Microsoft Way

Redmond, Washington, U.S.

Area served Worldwide

Key people

Chairman: John W. Thompson

CEO: Satya Nadella

President: Brad Smith

Techical Advisor: Bill Gates

Products

List of softwareWindowsOfficeServersSkypeVisual StudioDynamicsXboxSurfaceMobile

Services

AzureBingLinkedInYammerMSDNOffice 365OneDriveOutlook.comGitHubTechNetPayMicrosoft StoreWindows UpdateXbox Game PassXbox Live

Revenue Increase US$143 billion[1] (2020)

Operating income Increase US$53 billion[1] (2020)

Net income Increase US$44.3 billion[1] (2020)

Total assets Increase US$301.3 billion[1] (2020)

Total equity Increase US$118.3 billion[1] (2020)

Number of employees Increase 166,475[2] (2020)

Subsidiaries LinkedIn

Xbox Game Studios

Skype Technologies

GitHub

Website www.microsoft.com